Most studies of marine conservation have focused on reserves where all fishing activities are prohibited. But the majority of marine protected areas (MPAs) are open to various fishing activities and reserves only comprise a small fraction of MPA area – at least in most cases (2 per cent to 30 per cent).

This project uses a global database to evaluate the functioning of marine-managed areas compared to unmanaged (openly fished) areas. It’s relevant to conservation because the majority of conservation areas experience some management but not outright fisheries bans.

Supervisor: Professor Peter Mumby